Las Médulas is an historic gold mining site near the town of Ponferrada in the comarca of El Bierzo . It was the most important gold mine, as well as the largest open pit gold mine, in the entire Roman Empire. Las Médulas Cultural Landscape is listed by UN as a World Heritage Site. Advanced aerial surveys conducted in 2014 using LIDAR have confirmed the wide extent of the Roman era works.
Aug 29, 2017· Las Médulas is a historic gold mining site, which was established in the first century A.D. It completely changed the landscape of the region the once rolling green hills were sliced in half leaving a scarred scene of red pinnacles. It resembles the Wild West or desert landscapes of Arizona, more than anything youd expect in northern Spain.
ROMAN GOLD MINING AT LAS MÉDULAS* From Environmental Disaster to Tourist Attraction ... the gold in these quartz veins is found as tiny crystals within the iron sulphide mineral known as pyrite. In post Variscan times the surface of much of western Iberia was a land area covered with lateritic soils
Las Médulas is a natural environment that is considered one of the most singular in Spain.. Therefore, it was declared World Heritage Site by UN in 1997 and Natural Monument in 2002. Originally Las Médulas were a mining site. Considered the biggest gold mine built by the Roman Empire, it was abandoned in the 3rd century after extracting 800,000 kg gold.